INTERREGIONAL CENTRE FOR ADVANCED STUDIES
On the history of the Lomonosov Conferences
It was more than twenty years ago when the first of the series of conferences (from 1993 called the «Lomonosov Conferences»), was held at the Department of Theoretical Physics of the Moscow State University (June 1983, Moscow). The second conference was held in Kishinev, Republic of Moldavia, USSR (May 1985).
After the four years break this series was resumed on a new conceptual basis for the conference programme focus. During the preparation of the third conference (that was held in Maykop, Russia, 1989) a desire to broaden the programme to include more general issues in particle physics became apparent. During the conference of the year 1992 held in Yaroslavl it was proposed by myself and approved by numerous participants that these irregularly held meetings should be transformed into regular events under the title «Lomonosov Conferences on Elementary Particle Physics».
Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765)is a brilliant Russian encyclopaedias of the era of the Russian Empress Catherine the 2nd, was world renowned for his distinguished contributions in the fields of science and art. He also helped establish the high school educational system in Russia. The Moscow State University was founded in 1755 based on his plan and initiative, and the University now bears the name of Lomonosov.
Since 1993 at the subsequent meetings of this series a wide variety of interesting things both in theory and experiment of particle physics, astrophysics, gravitation and cosmology were included into the programmes. It was also decided to enlarge the number of institutions that would take part in preparation of the events.
The 6thLomonosov Conference on Elementary Particle Physics (1993) and all of the subsequent conferences of this series were held at the Moscow State University on each of the odd years. There is a tradition to publish the conferences proceedings as a collection of review and research prepared by the conference speakers on the basis of their presented talks. It started in 1994 when publication of the volume «Particle Physics, Gauge Fields and Astrophysics» containing articles written on the basis of presentations at the 5th and 6thLomonosov Conferences was supported by the AccademiaNazionaledeiLincei (Rome, 1994). Proceedings of the 7th and 8thLomonosov Conference (entitled «Problems of Fundamental Physics» and «Elementary Particle Physics») were published by the Interregional Centre for Advanced Studies (Moscow, 1997 and 1999). Proceedings of the 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th,, 14th and 15thLomonosov Conferences (entitled «Particle Physics at the Start of the New Millennium», «Frontiers of Particle Physics», «Particle Physics in Laboratory, Space and Universe», «Particle Physics at the Year of 250th Anniversary of Moscow University», «Particle Physics on the Eve of LHC», «Particle Physics at the Year of Astronomy», «Particle Physics in the Year of Tercentenary of Mikhail Lomonosov») were published by World Scientific Publishing Co. (Singapore) in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2011 and 2013, correspondently(see www.icas.ru _english _ projects_conferences _ 9/10/11/12/13/14/15LomCon _ proceedings).
The 16th Lomonosov Conference on Elementary Particle Physics (August 22-28, 2013) was dedicated to the centenary of Bruno Pontecorvo (1913-1992). From 1950 Bruno Pontecorvo leaved in Soviet Union and to his last days worked at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna. For about 20 years Pontecorvo was also a staff member at the Faculty of Physics of the Moscow State University and headed the Department of Particle Physics.
The physics programme of the 16thLomonosov Conference has included review and original talks on a wide range of items such as neutrino and astroparticle physics, electroweak theory, fundamental symmetries, tests of standard model and beyond, heavy quark physics, non-perturbative QCD, quantum gravity effects, physics at the future accelerators with a special focus on neutrino physics. A round-table on «Exciting neutrino: from Pauli, Fermi and Pontecorvo to nowadays prospects» was held on the closing day of the conference. There was another very important event that celebrated the centenary of Bruno Pontecorvo. A new movie «Maksimovic. The story of Bruno Pontecorvo» by the Italian director Giuseppe Mussardo was shown to the conference participants and public at the end of the first working day of the conference.
In total there were more than 350 participants with 147 talks including 53 plenary (30-25 min) talks, 43 session (20 min) talks, 36 brief (15-10 min) reports and 15 poster presentations. One of the goals of the conference was to bring together scientists, both theoreticians and experimentalists, working in different fields. The conference has produced a high interest in the scientific community and there were much more applications to present a talk at the conference from scientist all over the world. The amount of applications reasonably surpassed the capacity to allocate oral talks within the six working days of the conference, therefor two parallel sessions were organized at the conference for the first time.
At the very end of the conference in a review talk Professor Mitsuaki Nozaki (KEK, Japan) announced for the scientific community for the first time the decision on the location of the future International Linear Collider that will be built province Tahoko.
The proceedings of the 16thLomonosov Conference entitled “Particle Physics at the Year of Centenary of Bruno Pontecorvo” have been just published by World Scientific Publishing Co. (Singapore), see the contents of this volume on our web site www.icas.ru_ english_ projects_conferences_16LomCon _ proceedings).
Following the tradition that has started in 1995, each of the Lomonosov Conferences on particle physics has been accompanied by a conference on problems of intellectuals. The 4th International Meeting on Problems of Intellectuals has been held during the last day of the 10th Lomonosov Conference (August, 2001). The subject of the Meeting was specified as follows: “International Co-operation of Intellectuals”. The 5th International Meeting on Problems of Intelligentsia held during the 11th Lomonosov Conference (August, 2003) was dedicated to discussions on the issue “Intelligentsia and Education”, the 6th meeting of this series held during the 12th LomonosovConference (August, 2005) was dedicated to discussions on the issue “Intelligentsia and Violence: Responses to Repression and Terrorism”. The 7th International Meeting on Problems of Intelligentsia held during the 13th Lomonosov Conference (August, 2007) was dedicated to discussions on the issue “Rights and Responsibility of the Intelligentsia”. The 8th International Meeting on Problems of Intellectuals held during the 14th Lomonosov Conference on (August, 2009) was dedicated to the issue "The Intelligentsia and World Crisis". The 9th International Meeting on Problems of Intelligentsia held during the 15th Lomonosov Conference (August 24, 2011) was dedicated to discussions on the issue “The Intelligentsia: Custodial of Civilization”.The 10th International Meeting on Problems of Intelligentsia held during the 16thLomonosov Conference (August 28, 2013) was dedicated to discussions on the issue «The Intelligentsia and Ideology».